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Province located in the northeast portion of Cuba's eastern region with coasts to the Atlantic Ocean. It has an extension of 9 282,95 sq km (3584 sq mi) and a population of 1 011 761 inhabitants (1996). The province ranks fourth in extension and third in population.
This province is limited by the heights of maniabón, the plains of Cauto and Nipe, and the mountains of Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa, being the Cristal peak its maximum height with 1231 m (4038 ft).
Its hydrography is represented by rivers Mayarí, Gibara, Sagua de Tánamo, Tacajó, and the dams Gibara, Cacoyugüín, and Sabanilla. Its littoral strip possesses numerous bays, being Gibara, Banes, and Nipe the most important.
Its economic geography is characterized by agriculture and cattle raising. There is also sugarcane and other crops, and industry is represented by sugarcane processing, nickel mining and processing, and sideromechanical industry.

01 Jibara
02 Rafael Freyre
03 Banes
04 Antilla
05 Baguanos
06 Holguin
07 Calixto Garcia
08 Cacocum
09 Urbano Noris
10 Cueto
11 Mayari
12 Frank Pais
13 Sagua de Tanamo
14 Moa

 Statistics 1999
 Surface area 9 300 km2 
 Resident population 1 029 627 inh 
 Average population 1 027 267 
 Female population 48,9 
 Population in working age 623 654 
 Urbanization index 58,9 % 
 Population density 110,7 inh/ km2 
 Life expectancy at birth (1994-1995) 76,57 
 Birthrate 13,8 
 General mortality rates (per 1000 live) 6,1 
 Infant mortality rate(per 1000 live births) 6,8 
 Fecundity global rate (children per woman) 1,56 
 Reproduction gross rate (daughters per woman) 0,76 
 Inhabitants per physician 221 
 Inhabitants per dentist 1 380 
 Initial matricula (Course 1999/2000) 208 396 
   Primary education 88 427 
   Intermediate education 77 802 
   Higher education 9 174 
 Graduates (Course 1998/1999) 39 377 
   Primary education 15 399 
   Intermediate education 18 964 
   Higher education 1 582 
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